The History of Brazil Nuts

Historical figures calling Brazil nuts by a different name

The Brazil nut has a story as wild and fascinating as the Amazon rainforest itself! You might think “Brazil nut” tells you everything about where it comes from, but there’s a twist. These delicious nuts actually grow across a massive area of the Amazon Basin.

Over time, from rainforest tribes to hungry explorers, people have called them by many different names. Let’s see how the Brazil nut evolved from an indigenous food to a beloved worldwide snack.

Indigenous Peoples and the Brazil Nut

Way before you could find them in snack mixes, Brazil nuts were an important part of the life of Amazonian tribes. They provided nutritious food and likely had deep meaning in their culture. Sadly, a lot of that knowledge has been lost over the centuries. Nowadays, we can only rely on records and contemporary communities to provide glimpses into the Brazil nut’s rich past.

A forest staple

Given their long storage life, Brazil nuts played an important role for indigenous tribes in the Amazon during hard times. They were enjoyed raw, grated into gruels, and even formed the basis of a bread called “chappa” in some communities.

Beyond nutrition

Collecting rubber latex with a brazil nut pod

Indigenous communities found numerous resourceful uses for the Brazil nut. The high oil content was extracted for cooking, illumination, soap making, and even livestock feed. In traditional medicine, the seedpod husks were used to brew teas for stomach issues.

Even the empty pods served practical purposes, like carrying small fires to deter insects. In the late 1800s, they started using them to collect rubber latex.

Lost indigenous names of the Brazil nut

Unfortunately, countless indigenous names for the Brazil nut likely vanished over time. However, one term that endures is “Juvia,” which is used by tribes in the Orinoco region of the Amazon. This word is a testament to its long and diverse history, stretching far before it was ever known as the “Brazil nut.”

Early European Encounters and the Naming of the “Brazil” Nut

The first recorded encounters between Europeans and Brazil nuts paint a fascinating picture of both exploration and practical necessity. In 1569, Spanish officer Juan Alvarez Maldonado and his exhausted troops came upon the nut near Peru’s Madre de Dios River. The Cayanpuxes Indians introduced them to this energy-dense food, which the Europeans initially dubbed “almonds of the Andes.”

Enter the explorers

Famous explorers Humboldt and Bonpland documented Brazil nuts in the early 1800s. Surprisingly, they found them in Venezuela, along the Orinoco River, not Brazil. This shows just how widespread these nuts are across the entire Amazon Basin.

Why “Brazil Nut” then?

Despite its pan-Amazonian distribution, the name “Brazil nut” ultimately gained prominence. This is largely due to Brazil’s historic role as a major exporter of the nut to European markets. While the name might not perfectly reflect the nut’s geographical origins, it speaks to the commercial journey that introduced it to the world.

A Variety of Names for Brazil Nuts Around the World

The “Brazil nut” has quite the adventurous naming history! Let’s examine how it’s been known across different countries and cultures.

H3. Brazil: The heart of the name

Castanha-do-Pará: This is the most common name in Brazil. It means “chestnut from Pará,” the state with a rich history of harvesting Brazil nuts.

Regional Variations: In Acre, another major Brazil nut-producing state, it’s known as “castanha-do-Acre.” Occasionally, you’ll encounter names like “castanha-do-Brasil” (chestnut from Brazil) or the less common “noz amazônica” (Amazonian walnut).

Spanish-speaking South America

Nuez de Brasil” is the standard term across most of the continent, translating to “Brazil nut” or “Brazil walnut.” But the name changes considerably depending on the country, or even region. For example, in Bolivia, you’re as likely to hear “castaña” (chestnut) or even “almendra” (almond).

Here are a few more names I found for Brazil nuts in Spanish-speaking countries:

  • Castaña boliviana (Bolivian chestnut)
  • Castaña amazónica (Amazonian chestnut)
  • Castaña del Brasil (chestnut from Brazil)
  • Castaña de Pará (chestnut from Pará)
  • Castaña del Beni (chestnut from Beni)
  • Nuez amazónica (Amazonian walnut)
  • Nuez del Brasil (walnut from Brazil)
  • Coquito de Brasil (small coconut from Brazil)
  • Avellana del Brasil (hazelnut from Brazil)


“Brazil nut” has been the standard name in the US since the early 19th century. However, in the late 1800s, a shockingly racist term became common, especially across the American South. Thankfully, it’s far less used today. But it’s a stark reminder that even something as simple as a food name can carry a painful legacy. We won’t repeat that term here out of respect.

Beyond “Brazil nut”

Have you ever heard of “Brazil walnuts”? Sometimes, this pops up as a literal translation from Portuguese or Spanish, where the words for “walnut” (“noz” and “nuez,” respectively) are part of the name.


Brazil nuts were first consumed by Indigenous tribes in the Amazon, then discovered by Europeans, and now they are in your kitchen pantry. That’s the incredible journey of the Brazil nut! You may call them “castanha,” “nuez,” or just “Brazil nut.” Each name echoes the cultures that have loved this snack for centuries.

So, don’t just munch away next time you crack open a Brazil nut! Imagine the rainforest, the explorers who first brought it to the world, and the communities that harvest it sustainably today. Every ordinary snack holds a hidden story, and that makes them even more delicious.

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